intersections & overlaps.

Looking at spatial configurations of existing plans, I found layouts interesting that had more unconventional circulation patterns. In particular the spaces that were formed through the resulting overlaps or intersections.

Exercise 2 - Blog.jpg

I began by looking at the spaces created when horizontal and vertical walls were randomly arranged in a uniform grid. Developing this further I introduced a wider variety of rotations and intersections to see how this would impact the spaces in-between.

Exercise 2 - Blog2

In an attempt to escape the rectangular boundary I experimented with sequences of squares and circles in different sized grids, creating spaces from the overlapping boundaries. By merging these varying scaled shapes as if they were layered, I was able to begin to create a more hierarchical spatial pattern.

Exercise 2 - Blog3

Additionally, I began looking at how one of these patterns could be placed on a site, and will explore further how aspects of the site could be implemented as parameters for my future code.

Exercise 2 - Blog4

Gothic-inspired Vaults


Sketches A3 

Sketches 2 A3

Selected Patterns A3

Spherical A3 (ornament)


GH Scripts A3

Script Diagram

Vault variations:

Vault Patterns1

Vault Patterns2

Vault Variations1

Vault Variations2

Architectural Renderings:

Top View

Visual 1



Simple Section


Process Renderings:

Process Renderings A4


Patterns Booklet A4




6 vault9 vault10 vault



For anyone interested in L-systems, here are a couple of nice examples by Fatih Erikli and Diana Lange:

An interesting book on the subject, “The Algorithmic Beauty of Plants” by Przemyslaw Prusinkiewicz and Aristid Lindenmayer, is also available online:


The Beautiful Math of Coral, Margaret Wertheim

Why Beauty Matters, Roger Scruton

Building Unimaginable Shapes, Michael Hansmeyer

Michael Pawlyn: Using Nature’s Genius in Architecture


12 Sustainable Design Ideas from Nature: Janine Benyus


Lars Spuybroek, The Sympathy of Things, University of Innsbruck 2012